Post Process

Everything to do with E-discovery & ESI

Case Blurb: Nursing Home Pension Fund; Process to Determine nature of sanctions a court should impose for destruction of evidence

Posted by rjbiii on September 15, 2008

In determining whether and what type of sanctions to issue, the Third Circuit has explained that courts should consider three factors: 1) “the degree of fault of the party who altered or destroyed the evidence,” 2) “the degree of prejudice suffered by the opposing party,” and 3) “whether there is a lesser sanction that will avoid substantial unfairness to the opposing party.” Schmid v. Milwaukee, 13 F.3d 76, 79 (3rd Cir.1994); see also Toste, 1996 WL 101189 at * 2 (“[A] party’s motive or degree of fault in destroying evidence is relevant to what sanction, if any, is imposed.”). The Ninth Circuit has also explained that “[b]efore imposing the ‘harsh sanction’ of dismissal,” courts should consider “(1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its dockets; (3) the risk of prejudice to the party seeking sanctions; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Leon, 464 F.3d at 958. However, district courts “need not make explicit findings regarding each of these factors.” Id.

Nursing Home Pension Fund v. Oracle Corp., 2008 WL 4093497 at *4 (N.D.Cal. Sept. 2, 2008)

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